Ancient Greece: A Very Short Introduction

By Paul Cartledge

This hugely unique advent to old Greece makes use of the background of 11 significant Greek towns to light up an important and informative points of Greek tradition. Cartledge highlights the position of such well known towns as Athens (birthplace of democracy) and Sparta, yet he additionally examines Argos, Thebes, Syracuse in Sicily, and Alexandria in Egypt, in addition to lesser recognized locales reminiscent of Miletus (home of the West's first highbrow, Thales) and Massalia (Marseilles today), the place the Greeks brought the wine grape to the French. the writer makes use of those towns to light up significant subject matters, from economics, faith, and social kinfolk, to gender and sexuality, slavery and freedom, and politics.

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John Hios/akg-images 23. © Oasis/Photo12. com 24. Delphi Museum. © B. O’Kane/Alamy Maps From Boardman, Griffin, and Murray (eds. ), The Oxford Illustrated historical past of Greece and the Hellenistic global, 2001. © Oxford collage Press: 1, three, four, five, 6; from medical American, ‘Ancient towns’ detailed factor, 1994. © clinical American: 2 Figures From Mee and Spawforth, Greece, 2001. ©Oxford college Press: 2, three, four, five, 7, eight; from C. Gere, Tomb of Agamemnon, 2006. © Profile Books: 1; from Deutsches Archaeologisches Institute, Athens: 6. INDEX Notes: i The Timeline (pp. 219–24), word list (pp. 225–32) and Who’s Who (pp. 233–47) aren't listed ii critical entries are in daring style Abdera 6, one hundred and five Abydus fifty two, 168 Acragas 121, 124, one hundred twenty five Acropolis of Athens ninety one, 104, 181 Aegae (Verghina) one hundred forty five Aegina 2 hundred Aegospotami, conflict a hundred and ten Aeschylus 32, one hundred and five, 123, one hundred twenty five Aetna 123–4 Africa sixty five, sixty six Agamemnon 23, 25, 31, seventy two, seventy three Agesilaus, king of Sparta 136, a hundred and forty Agis II, king of Sparta 109 Agora of Athens ninety one, 104 agriculture 17, sixty five, sixty six, 114, 118, a hundred thirty five Ai Khanum (Alexandria in Sogdia? ) 155–6 Alcibiades 109–10, 111 Alexander the nice 29, forty seven, 132, 134, 141, 145–52, 153, 154, 162, one hundred seventy five tomb 154 Alexandria in Egypt ninety two, 145–63, a hundred and eighty, 187, 187–8 Library 152–3 Museum 152–3, 188 New Library 188 Alexandroupolis a hundred and eighty alphabet sixty four, ninety five, 131 Alpheius, river 114, 194 Alyattes fifty six Ammon (Amun) 152 Amphipolis 174 Amyclae seventy two, seventy three, seventy five, eighty Anaximander fifty four Anaximenes fifty four Antalcidas of Sparta 172 Antigonids, dynasty 159 Antioch 157 Antiphon of Athens a hundred and ten Antipolis (Antibes) sixty two Apollo forty, forty six, forty seven, fifty four, fifty nine, seventy three, eighty, 102, 118, 132, 156, 183–4, one hundred ninety, 197 see additionally Delphi, Delphic Oracle; Hyacinthia; Hyacinthus Apollonius of Tyana 194–5 Arcadia eighty, one hundred fifteen archaeology sixteen, 28, seventy four, ninety three, ninety four, a hundred and fifteen, 154–5 Archimedes 153 structure 104, one zero five, a hundred and eighty Arginusae, conflict a hundred and ten Argive Heraeum forty-one Argos 21, 30, 32, 33, 33–45, seventy six, seventy nine, eighty two, one hundred and five, 124, 134, 136, 137, 139, 187, one hundred ninety, 199, two hundred Aristander of Telmessus one hundred fifty aristocracy four Aristophanes 60, one hundred and five, 126–7, 127 Aristotle three, forty three, sixty five, 111, 147, 152, 188 see additionally Lyceum palms and armour forty four, 133 military see hoplites; struggle Arrian of Nicomedea 153, 178 Artemis 21, forty, seventy three, seventy seven see additionally Orthia Asia one hundred forty, 147 Asine (Argolis) forty three Aspasia of Miletus and Athens 60, one zero five meeting ninety one, a hundred and ten astronomy, see Ptolemy, astronomer Athena 28, forty, seventy two, seventy seven, ninety three, 104, 181 see additionally owl of Athena Athenian Empire 60, 102, 102–3, one hundred twenty five, 172 Atheno-Peloponnesian struggle 104, 107–11, 126, 127, one hundred thirty five, 136, 171 Athens, Athenians four, forty nine, fifty eight, eighty three, 89–112, 124, 133–4, a hundred thirty five, 173, 179, 185, 192, 2 hundred athletics seventy seven, 192, 194 see additionally gymnasia Attikê ninety, ninety three Augustus (formerly Octavian) 154, 160–2 autochthony fantasy 93–4 Ay. Vasilios (Laconia) 25, seventy two Babylon, Babylonians sixteen, 25, fifty three, fifty six, eighty two, 154 Bacchylides of Ceos 118 ‘barbarians’ (non-Greeks) four, sixty seven, seventy seven, 182 Bactria fifty nine banks ninety one barley seventy one Black Sea fifty two, fifty three, sixty four, sixty eight, 109, 167, 168, 174 Boardman, Sir John 20 Boeotia, Boeotians 31, eighty three, a hundred, 132 Bosporus 139, 167 brachylogy (laconic utterance) 70 bravery see manliness, masculinity bronze forty three, 60, sixty six, sixty nine, seventy seven, eighty five, 122, 137, 194 Bronze Age 12, 14, 37 bulls 17, 19, ninety four Bulwer Lytton, Sir Edward 89 burial customs forty four, seventy one, 107, a hundred thirty Byzantion (city) fifty three, 167–76, 179, 186, one hundred ninety see additionally Constantinople; Istanbul Byzantine Greeks as ‘Romans’ 181 Byzantium (civilization, empire, epoch) 177, a hundred and eighty, 182 Cadmus of Tyre and Thebes 131, 179 Calaurea (Poros) 176 Callicrates, architect a hundred and five Callimachus, librarian and poet 153 Callisthenes of Olynthus 147–8 Cambyses, Persian king fifty seven Caria forty nine Carneia, Dorian pageant eighty Carthage, Carthaginians 119, 126, 127–8, 159 Cavafy, C.

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