Andersonville: The Last Depot (Civil War America)

By William Marvel

Among February 1864 and April 1865, 41,000 Union prisoners of conflict have been taken to the stockade at Anderson Station, Georgia, the place approximately 13,000 of them died. such a lot modern money owed put the blame for the tragedy squarely at the shoulders of the Confederates who administered the criminal or on a conspiracy of higher-ranking officers. in keeping with William surprise, virulent sickness and serious shortages of greens, clinical provides, and different prerequisites mixed to create a main issue past the captors' regulate. He additionally argues that the tragedy was once irritated through the Union determination to droop prisoner exchanges, which intended that many males who may need again domestic have been in its place left to sicken and die in captivity.

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These whose break out makes an attempt failed did, notwithstanding, usually locate themselves outfitted with a ball and chain, and by means of early June New Jersey Sergeant Eugene Forbes counted dozens of fellows therefore hobbled. one other punishment Captain Wirz provided for get away used to be a collection of shares equipped close to his headquarters, within which the recalcitrant Federal might be uncomfortably pilloried for a number of hours like a backsliding Puritan. inside of a 12 months tales of the ball-and-chain remedy might enrage Union experts and voters who deemed it a prisoner’s accountability to try break out, instead of a criminal offense to be punished, however the similar remedy was once meted out to runaway Confederates in at the least one Northern criminal. four On may possibly nine Howell Cobb promised to ship Colonel people one regiment inside of a number of days and one other days after that, and in token of Cobb’s sturdy religion it used to be the colonel of the 1st regiment who brought that message to Camp Sumter. The collision of armies in northern Georgia and lower than Virginia’s Rapidan River shook the accomplice conflict division out of a relative lethargy, notwithstanding, and the requests for troops from the felony garrison changed into peremptory orders that may brook no extra procrastination. Bypassing the standard chain of command, Adjutant common Samuel Cooper stressed out Edward O’Neal at once on may well 12, ordering him to report back to Joe Johnston’s military of Tennessee together with his twenty sixth Alabama; it sounds as if he issued comparable orders to the commander of the 57th Georgia. 3 days later an evidently careworn Cooper telegraphed that these regiments (mistaking the 57th Georgia for the 56th) should still document on to Richmond. the second one telegram got here too past due: on might 14 the middle of Camp Sumter’s garrison boarded vehicles for Atlanta after a gala send-off via neighborhood belles, who served up one other picnic to the blaring of a brass band. Their locations have been taken through James Fannin’s 1st Georgia Reserves and such a lot of Robert Maddox’s second Reserves, which had come from Atlanta days sooner than in such haste that they left a very good lots of their fingers and accoutrements at the back of. Cobb’s Atlanta recruiting officer driven the of completion of the opposite regiments as quick as he may. The final of the second Reserves began on its manner earlier than the veterans left Andersonville, and the 3rd regiment had already started electing its officials within the camp at Macon. five may perhaps 15, 1864, therefore proved an fearful and chaotic day at Camp Sumter, for the golf green Reserves held many of the stockade protect posts for the 1st time. in this similar Whitsunday a few industrious prisoners, whose tunnel were chanced on on Friday night, concluded they had been betrayed through a fellow prisoner. through past due afternoon they notion they knew who he used to be, and in a physique they faced Thomas Herburt, the onelegged Canadian immigrant often called ‘’Chickamauga” for his unending chattering approximately that conflict: others referred to as him “Poll Parrot,” for either his volubility and his aquiline beak, or “Pretty Polly,” in sarcastic connection with his absolutely unattractive visage.

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