Beyond the Medieval Village: The Diversification of Landscape Character in Southern Britain (Medieval History and Archaeology)

By Stephen Rippon

The numerous personality of Britain's geographical region presents groups with a robust experience of neighborhood id. some of the most major good points of the panorama in Southern Britain is the best way that its personality differs from quarter to quarter, with compact villages within the Midlands contrasting with the sprawling hamlets of East Anglia and remoted farmsteads of Devon. much more awesome is the very 'English' think of the panorama in southern Pembrokeshire, within the a long way south west of Wales.

Hoskins defined the English panorama as 'the richest historic checklist we possess', and during this quantity Stephen Rippon explores the origins of local diversifications in panorama personality, arguing that whereas a few landscapes date again to the centuries each side of the Norman Conquest, different components throughout southern Britain underwent a profound switch round the eighth century AD.

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Others are ‘available in later reproduction, concept to include the substance of the unique, yet having a few fabric, most likely spurious, substituted or interpolated’ (Finberg 1964, 23), and position names and hidages can have been altered. The property of Brent can have been held via the abbots of Glastonbury ever on the grounds that King Baldred, and King Ine is related to have granted ten cassati there to Abbot Hæmgils in c. 693. The boundary description—‘On and round the hill also known as Brent, having to the west the Severn, at the north the awl, at the east the Ternuc, and the Siger at the south’—shows that it was once coterminous with the 4 parishes and manors of East Brent, South Brent, Berrow, and Lympsham that Glastonbury held from Domesday to the Dissolution (Abrams 1996, 69–72). As this sector should have been an intertidal marsh for numerous centuries after the Roman period—during which the c. zero. 7 m of alluvium that seals the Romano-British panorama used to be deposited—it would seem that the recolonization of this panorama, and the construction of the villages and customary fields, should have happened while the property was once within the fingers of Glastonbury. by contrast, Glastonbury looks to have had very little influence over the realm to the south of Brent. Burnham used to be a royal property, being granted through King Alfred to Edward the Elder in his will of 873 × 888 (S1507; Finberg 1964, 126). 2 In 1066 Burnham was once held via Beorhtsige as 4 hides (DB fo. ninety five; DB Som. 24,27), whereas Cynsige and Ælfwig every one held one virgate within the within sight 1 ‘Rhyne’ is the neighborhood be aware for an important drainage ditch. it's been claimed that Abbot Guthlac’s furnish of a part of one cassatum in Brunham to Eanulf in 824 pertains to Burnham, notwithstanding it truly is much more likely that it used to be Brompton Ralph in west Somerset (Finberg 1964, No. 404; Abrams 1996, seventy one, 74). 2 64 past the Medieval Village hamlet of Huish (DB fo. ninety five; DB Som. 24,35–6). The early background of Huntspill is obscure,3 even if in 1066 Alwaker held one cover there, and Ælfwine 3 virgates (DB fo. ninety five; DB Som. 24,28; 24,43); Alstone, a hamlet within the north of Huntspill, was once held through Ælfwold as one disguise (DB fo. ninety five; DB Som. 24,33). with out proof that Glastonbury ever held Burnham and Huntspill, unlike Brent which belonged to the Abbey from the past due 7th century, is it accordingly attainable that this distinction in lordship debts for the divergent panorama personality that constructed after reclamation? panorama REORGANIZATION at the ESTATES OF GLASTONBURY ABBEY Glastonbury Abbey is a perfect candidate by which to discover the connection among landownership and panorama personality as its lands have been unfold correct throughout Somerset (Fig. three. 1). The center of its estates, commonly bought throughout the past due 7th to mid 8th centuries, lined a continuing swathe of territory embracing the Abbey itself and stretching from the Parrett estuary within the west, to Mells within the east. It additionally held outlying estates scattered throughout northern, southern, and western Somerset, in addition to a number of holdings in Devon, Dorset, Gloucestershire, and Wiltshire.

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