Bronze Age Connections: Cultural Contact in Prehistoric Europe

The invention of the Dover Bronze Age boat 16 years in the past keeps to motivate and stimulate debate concerning the nature of seafaring and cultural connections in prehistoric Europe; the twelve papers provided the following replicate an expanding popularity of cross-channel similarities and a coming jointly of maritime ('wet') and terrestrial ('dry') archaeology.

Contents: development new connections (Peter Clark); Encompassing the ocean: 'maritories' and Bronze Age maritime interactions (Stuart Needham); From Picardy to Flanders: transmanche connections within the Bronze Age (Jean Bourgeois and Marc Talon); British immigrants killed in a foreign country within the seventies: the increase and fall of a Dutch tradition (Liesbeth Theunissen); The Canche Estuary (Pas-de-Calais, France) from the early Bronze Age to the emporium of Quentovic: a standard buying and selling position among south east England and the continent (Michel Philippe); taking a look ahead: maritime contacts within the first millennium BC (Barry Cunliffe); Copper Mining and construction firstly of the British Bronze Age new proof for Beaker/EBA prospecting and a few rules on scale, trade, and early smelting applied sciences (Simon Timberlake); The dying of the flint device (Chris Butler); Land on the different finish of the ocean? Metalwork stream, geographical wisdom and the importance of British/Irish imports within the Bronze Age of the Low nations (David Fontijn); The master(y) of difficult fabrics: techniques on know-how, materiality and beliefs occasioned via the Dover boat (Mary W Helms); Exploring the ritual of commute in prehistoric Europe: the Bronze Age sewn-plank boats in context (Robert van de Noort); In his fingers and in his head: the Amesbury Archer as magician (Andrew Fitzpatrick).

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To what volume the cabotage and transmaritime structures have been interconnected it really is tricky to claim however the probability that they might were principally separate, regarding particularly varied vessels and strategies of boating, may still at the least be borne in brain. proof for cabotage even though largely scat tered within the archaeological literature has now not been introduced jointly in any systematic guy ner; right here all we will do is to provide a couple of examples. In a seminal paper, which initiated an incredible reconsideration of the British Iron Age, Roy Hodson drew consciousness to similarities latest among the fine-ware pottery of the Earliest Iron Age came across round the south and east coasts of england (Hodson 1960). next specified characterisation of those ceramic assemblages (Cunliffe 2005, 87–124) gave extra emphasis to this remark. 4 targeted style-zones could be pointed out, Kimmeridge-Caburn, Highstead 2, West Harling-Fengate and Staple Howe, all sharing in universal a choice for small finely made bowls with sharp shoulder angles and using utilized cordons occasionally with ‘herringbone’ slashing. The distribution of those style-zones is strikingly coastal (Fig 6. 10) and is healthier defined by means of supposing that maritime touch used to be maintained, possibly in short-haul trips, alongside the complete coastal quarter among Yorkshire and Dorset. we will be able to simply speculate on what commodities can have been carried – Kimmeridge shale, Whitby jet and east coast amber might all have featured along a variety of perishables. a particular pottery vessel stumbled on at Darmsden in Suffolk (Cunliffe 1968, fig four no. 2), made in a difficult black sandy ware lined externally with iron oxide slip and adorned with inspired circlets and stab-filled pendent triangles, is very attribute of the Early All Cannings go pottery of Wessex. might be it was once used to hold a Dorset delicacy to Suffolk! determine 6. 10 Ceramic types in coastal areas within the 8th and 7th centuries within the moment century BC direct facts of long-shore alternate is supplied via the coastal distribution of exact South Western embellished Wares made in gabbroic clay from the Lizard Peninsula in Cornwall (Peacock 1969; Harrard 2003). The distribution (Fig 6. eleven) indicates maritime portage alongside the south and east coasts not less than so far as Heybridge in Essex, and alongside the north Cornish coast to the Severn estuary. by means of the start of the 1st century BC the south-western coastal community articulated with cross-Channel site visitors on the port-of-trade at Hengistbury Head (Fig 6. 12). the following there's proof of tin ore from Cornwall, silver-rich copper ore from the Callington area of Devon, silver-rich lead from the Mendips and pottery from Devon. those commodities have been doubtless transported to Hengistbury since it was once recognized to be the port-of-trade with direct maritime hyperlinks to Armorica and a spot the place unique items have been to be had. determine 6. eleven Distribution of gabbroic South Western adorned Wares with regards to attainable coastal routes the 1st century BC observed the improvement, in southern and japanese Britain, of a couple of ceramic style-zones each one characterized by means of a number of adorned vessels.

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