By Warwick Rodwell
Dorchester-on-Thames and its abbey were matters of antiquarian curiosity for greater than 450 years, and through that time a lot has been written approximately them. they're, notwithstanding, nonetheless faraway from being comprehensively studied and recorded. certainly, the so much immense architectural description of the medieval church was once written as in the past as 1845, and a thoroughgoing reappraisal has lengthy been past due. during this significant new learn at the origins, historical past and structure of Dorchester Abbey, Warwick Rodwell assembles an enormous volume of fabric from observations in the course of fix and conservation and data derived from archaeological excavation, in addition to the unforeseen discovery of formerly unstudied and unpublished topographical and architectural fabric, housed in different data. the quantity is divided into elements: the 1st includes an account of the archaeology of the positioning and the architectural improvement of the abbey, whereas the second one includes a chain of specific notes and observations at the current constitution, its fittings and furniture.
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Additional info for Dorchester Abbey, Oxfordshire: The Archaeology and Architecture of a Cathedral, Monastery and Parish Church
There will be no doubt that this used to be initially the east window of the north transept chapel: what's now its east jamb was once formerly the south jamb, abutting the chancel aisle. Relocation happened within the later sixteenth or seventeenth century. determine one hundred thirty five. North chancel aisle: abutment scars of the demolished transeptal chapel on the junction of bays 2 and three. observe additionally the non-aligned string-course: see determine 134B. (Warwick Rodwell) among bays 1 and a couple of is a post-medieval buttress of 3 phases, and not using a plinth, yet round which the reused string-course runs. five The buttress marks a set-back within the line of the current north wall in bay 1. This skinny wall used to be most likely inserted within the seventeenth century to shut off the truncated north transept. The masonry is back random rubble incorporating occasional ashlars and big blocks. in contrast to the adjacent bay (no. 2) and the intervening buttress, it doesn't include a reset string-course at sill point. as a substitute, it has flat slabs of unmoulded limestone inbuilt at string-course point, which seem to relate to a former sill. 18th-century illustrations convey the window used to be previously taller: the sill point should have been raised within the nineteenth century. The window in bay 1 is an oddity of the Gothic Revival: it has 4 lighting lower than a pointed head, and a crude test at Y-tracery (Fig. 97). The mullions all run full-height, and there's a transom at springer point. The layout indicates a date within the seventeenth or perhaps the early 18th century. The jambs and tracery have undeniable chamfers and there's a easy hood-moulding with out label-stops. round the apex of the arch is a brief run of voussoirs and a wedge-shaped keystone, similar to a reinforcing arch, even though no longer appearing the functionality of 1. 6 The north-west nook of the aisle is marked by way of a unmarried, monstrous, north-facing buttress of ashlar, developed in 3 levels and not using a plinth: it's been shaped at the stump of the Norman west wall of the transept and approximately suits the buttress among bays 1 and a couple of (Fig. 136). back, it truly is most likely seventeenth century. determine 136. North chancel aisle: cut-back and buttressed west wall of the previous transept, maintaining the string-course for weathering the lean-to cloister roof. (Warwick Rodwell) West wall just a brief size of what was the west face of the Norman north transept survives. The mid-height string-course which shaped a weathering for the lean-to cloister roof keeps directly to this wall from the nave (Fig. 136; Pl. 32). decrease down, and simply came upon outdoors the recent pentice development at its eaves point, is an offset of 10 cm, comprehensive with a simple chamfer; the age and function of this selection is doubtful. it truly is prone to be regarding the erection of the buttress within the seventeenth century, than to be relict from the Norman interval. it isn't attainable with no archaeological research to set up the structural courting among the west wall and the adjacent north wall of the nave (the latter being relatively complicated: see below).