Josie Underwood's Civil War Diary

By Josie Underwood

A well-educated, outspoken member of a politically admired relatives in Bowling eco-friendly, Kentucky, Josie Underwood (1840–1923) left at the back of one of many few intimate debts of the Civil conflict written via a southern girl sympathetic to the Union. This bright portrayal of the early years of the warfare starts off a number of months sooner than the 1st pictures have been fired on fortress Sumter in April 1861. "The Philistines are upon us," twenty-year-old Josie writes in her diary, leaving absolute confidence concerning the alarm she feels whilst accomplice squaddies occupy her once-peaceful city. supplying a different viewpoint at the tensions among the Union and the Confederacy, Josie finds that Kentucky was once a hotbed of political and army motion, quite in her place of origin of Bowling eco-friendly, referred to as the Gibraltar of the Confederacy. situated alongside very important rail and water routes that have been important for transport provides out and in of the Confederacy, town associated the higher South's exchange and inhabitants facilities and was once strategically serious to either armies. taking pictures the fright and frustration she and her family members skilled whilst Bowling eco-friendly served because the accomplice army's headquarters within the fall of 1861, Josie tells of infantrymen who trampled fields, pilfered plants, burned fences, shrink timber, stole nutrients, and invaded houses and companies. In early 1862, Josie's outspoken Unionist father, Warner Underwood, was once ordered to evacuate the family's Mount Air property, which used to be later destroyed through occupying forces. Wartime hardships additionally strained relationships between Josie's kin, associates, and pals, whose passionate ideals approximately Lincoln, slavery, and Kentucky's secession divided them. released for the 1st time, Josie Underwood's Civil conflict Diary interweaves firsthand descriptions of the political unrest of the day with targeted debts of an energetic social lifestyles choked with go back and forth, events, and suitors. Bringing to existence a Unionist, slave-owning younger lady who antagonistic either Lincoln's rules and Kentucky's secession, the diary dramatically chronicles the actual and emotional traumas visited on Josie's kin, group, and kingdom in the course of wartime.

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Western’s cousin Jimmie Lotspitch got here. he's going to stick with and browse legislation with Mr. Western. He has darkish hair and eyes, a rosy complexion, is tall and narrow with fingers and ft disproportionately small— approximately 22, a really beautiful younger guy with no a lot strength, I pass judgement on. Phebe was once married this night and the modest bride-like air she wear was once a laugh to us who recognize what a termagant she is—why this sort of respectable negro as Johnson desires to marry her I don’t understand, for she has made and may make him no finish of hassle. Johnson and the negro preacher either appeared really nice in swallow-tail coats, & white vests—and Johnson had on white child gloves additionally. The preacher learn the Episcopal marriage provider and didn’t alternative the names for the “N and M” within the prayer ebook, so we're considering in the event that they are rather married finally. they'd an exceptional supper and an exceptional time. We went again of the cabins and during the window watched them dancing. It used to be very humorous to work out Phebe as she danced, with at times a protracted swoopy glide—as she regarded over her shoulder to determine her gown and veil trail—but the dance grew “fast and livid” and “Jim Crow” had his day or evening until eventually 12 o’clock whilst Mr. Western had formerly advised them the frolic needs to end—and now sister hopes to have peace and calmness within the kitchen for a time. 7 JAN. sixteenth— We have been all greatly excited this present day. whilst Mr. Western got here domestic at midday, he instructed us the standard crowd have been in his place of work that morning and the inevitable speak on secession got here up with extra pleasure than usual—as a favourite guy who have been “Union” had pop out for secession. (Mr. Torian is Mr. Western’s associate and should Webb is Mr. T’s brother-in-law and notwithstanding now not within the company has an identical place of work. Jack, Mr. Grafton and Mr. Witherspoon are typically in there it slow each day). This morning within the pleasure, Mr. Grafton and Mr. Webb acquired right into a own altercation— Mr. Webb referred to as Mr. Grafton a “Traitor” and a “liar. ” Mr. Grafton jerked up a chair and could have killed Mr. Webb had it come down on his head with the strength Grafton’s energy was once wielding— yet Jack sprang ahead and stuck the chair and the others stuck Grafton. Jack, announcing as he stuck the chair, “No Grafton, we're all of your neighbors, Webb is alone—you can’t strike him. ” Grafton livid, marched out obtrusive at Webb, as he left saying—“This isn't the finish, sir. ”—“insignificant as you're, pistols make us equal”—and now we're all scared to dying for worry they'll struggle a duel—but Mr. Western thinks no longer and charged us let alone the problem if we see both of them, as they wish to settle it with out notoriety. JAN. 18TH— I couldn’t write final evening. an excessive amount of occurred and that i was once too excited. whilst Mr. Western got here domestic, we after all was hoping to listen to extra of the difficulty among Mr. Webb and Grafton. all of us like Mr. Grafton most sensible yet sister Jupe, Jane and that i being Union, are extra in sympathy with Webb’s principles—though he's so excitable and makes use of such frustrating expressions. He by no means will name secessionists something yet “Traitors.

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