Tezcatlipoca: Trickster and Supreme Deity

Tezcatlipoca: Trickster and ultimate Deity brings archaeological facts into the physique of scholarship on “the lord of the smoking mirror,” some of the most very important Aztec deities. whereas iconographic and textual assets from sixteenth-century chroniclers and codices have contributed significantly to the knowledge of Aztec spiritual ideals and practices, members to this quantity display the varied methods fabric proof expands on those conventional assets.

The interlocking complexities of Tezcatlipoca’s nature, a number of roles, and metaphorical attributes illustrate the level to which his effect penetrated Aztec trust and social motion throughout all degrees of past due Postclassic principal Mexican tradition. Tezcatlipoca examines the result of archaeological investigations—objects like obsidian mirrors, gold, bells, public stone monuments, or even a mosaic skull—and unearths new insights into the preferrred deity of the Aztec pantheon and his function in Aztec culture.

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Warriors loved a privileged place in Aztec society. Sahagún (1950–82, booklet II: ninety four) defined using jewellery, bells, and gold lip plugs by means of warriors, reckoning on their rank: “And as for all of the males, even if courageous warriors [or] youths, their web capes have been simply black . . . and those that led had in basic terms bell-shaped earplugs. and those that had bell-shaped earplugs additionally had lip plugs. a few have been like lizards a few have been like canine, a few like a broad-leafed water plant, a few oblong. And the youths who already wore [their] hair lengthy [in token of conflict exploits] had lip plugs that have been rounded. ” the interpretation misses a massive element, because the Spanish textual content contains the outline of the gold symbol—those who had completed luck in warfare carried lip plugs with the logo for gold: “Y los mancebos que habían hecho alguna cosa señalada en l. a. Guerra llevaban unos bezotes redondos, como un círculo, con cuatro circulillos en cruz, dentro de los angeles circunferencia, que period algo ancha” (Sahagún 1969, ebook II: 177; see determine five. 10). it truly is transparent that effective warriors frequently wore noticeable indicators of status of their adorns (figure five. 11). This proves my aspect that warriors, Tezcatlipoca, and social prestige have been principally alluded to via gold, a fabric that signaled luck in Aztec society. The Aztecs made extra use of gold as they more desirable their place and as time went on. while the Spaniards arrived in Mexico, they have been utilizing gold and the gold image in quite a few fabrics (figure five. 12) and for a number of intentions: to be successful at the battlefield and to acquire solid vegetation (figure five. 13). different Contexts during which Bells Are Used Gold, particularly in comparison with jade, is particularly malleable and well matched to problematic designs. the folks of highland relevant Mexico made a wide number of adorns in gold, together with types similar to bells. those gold artifacts have been usually positioned in, for instance, funerary bundles (figure five. 14). the rich and winning have been absolutely 127 Figure five. eleven. Nezahualcoyotl, Codex Ixtlilxóchitl (1976, folio 106). T ezcatlipoca as a Warrior determine five. 12. Vessel stumbled on at Zultepec, Tlaxcala. Drawing via Natalie Wilkinson. determine five. thirteen. Tecuilhuitl pageant, Codex Magliabechiano (1970, folio 36v). outfitted at demise to proceed their lifestyles within the afterlife, as attested to within the Codex Magliabechiano (1970, folio 56r). The variety of bells present in the archaeological checklist in different Mesoamerican websites displays the significance given to them. within the Codex Telleriano-Remensis (1964–67, folio 33r) for the yr 1458, we see a male determine bearing a valuable jade and gold bead necklace and a package of eco-friendly feathers. in keeping with Eliose Quiñones Keber (1995, 218), this indicates the presentation of tribute. The resource of this tribute is the city of Xiuhcoac (Place of the Turquoise Snake). additionally within the Codex Telleriano-Remensis (ibid. , folio 33v), we see a tribute-bearing determine with eco-friendly plumes and a gold necklace in addition to a guard. The guard looks represented with bells round its facet.

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