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Additional info for The Fragments of Parmenides: A Critical Text With Introduction and Translation, the Ancient Testimonia and a Commentary
287, 25) Alexander says that Parmenides held such an opinion. 34. at the elements of Animals ii, 2 648a29–31 (648a29) Parmenides and a few others claim that ladies are warmer than males, (648a30) when you consider that their menstrual circulate happens as a result of their warmth and the abundance in their blood, whereas Empedocles states the other. 35. new release of Animals iv, 1 765b17–28 (765b17) For it truly is because of chilly and weak point that the feminine is extra ample in blood in yes elements. in reality it is a signal opposite to reasons why a few imagine (765b20) that the feminine is warmer than the male, i. e. , the release of menstrual fluids. For even supposing blood is scorching, and that which has extra of it truly is warmer, they believe that this happens as a result of an way over blood and warmth, as though every thing could be both blood if simply it's liquid and bloody in colour, (765b25) and as though it didn't turn into much less [in volume] and purer in those who find themselves good nourished. yet they believe higher quantity is extra an indication of a sizzling nature than a smaller volume, as [they carry] is the case for the excrement of the intestines. 132 (Aristoteles) 32–35] TESTIMONIA 32. de generatione et corruptione ii, three 330b13–15 (330b13) οἱ δ᾿ εὐθὺς δύο ποιοῦντες (sc. ἁπλᾶ σώματα στοιχεῖα), ὥσπερ Παρμενίδης πῦρ καὶ γῆν, τὰ μεταξὺ (330b15) μίγματα ποιοῦσι τούτων, οἷον ἀέρα καὶ ὕδωρ. 33. de generatione et corruptione ii, nine 336a1–12 (336a1) ἔτι δὲ καὶ τὰς δυνάμεις ἀποδιδόασι τοῖς σώμασι, δι᾿ ἃς γεννῶσι, λίαν ὀργανικάς, ἀφαιροῦντες τὴν κατὰ τὸ εἶδος αἰτίαν. ἐπειδὴ γὰρ πέφυκεν, ὥς φασι, (336a5) τὸ μὲν θερμὸν διακρίνειν τὸ δὲ ψυχρὸν συνιστάναι, καὶ τῶν ἄλλων ἕκαστον τὸ μὲν ποιεῖν τὸ δὲ πάσχειν, ἐκ τούτων λέγουσι καὶ διὰ τούτων ἅπαντα τἆλλα γίγνεσθαι καὶ φθείρεσθαι. φαίνεται δὲ καὶ τὸ πῦρ αὐτὸ κινούμενον καὶ πάσχον. ἔτι δὲ παραπλήσιον ποιοῦσιν ὥσπερ εἴ τις τῷ πρίονι καὶ ἑκάστῳ τῶν ὀργάνων ἀπονέμοι τὴν αἰτίαν τῶν γινομένων · ἀνάγκη (336a10) γὰρ πρίοντος διαιρεῖσθαι καὶ ξέοντος λεαίνεσθαι, καὶ ἐπὶ τῶν ἄλλων ὁμοίως · ὥστ᾿ εἰ ὅτι μάλιστα ποιεῖ καὶ κινεῖ τὸ πῦρ, ἀλλὰ πῶς κινεῖ οὐ προσθεωροῦσιν, ὅτι χεῖρον ἢ τὰ ὄργανα. 33a. Cf. Philoponus in Aristotelis libros de generatione et corruptione commentaria 287, 25–26 Vitelli (ad loc. ) (287, 25) φησὶ δὲ ὁ Ἀλέξανδρος τοὺς περὶ Παρμενίδην τοιαύτης γεγονέναι δόξης. 34. de partibus animalium ii, 2 648a29–31 (648a29) Παρμενίδης τὰς γυναῖκας τῶν ἀνδρῶν θερμοτέρας εἶναί φησι καὶ (648a30) ἕτεροί τινες, ὡς διὰ τὴν θερμότητα καὶ πολυαιμούσαις γινομένων τῶν γυναικείων, Ἐμπεδοκλῆς δὲ τοὐναντίον. 35. de generatione animalium iv, 1 765b17–28 (765b17) διὰ γὰρ ψυχρότητα καὶ ἀδυναμίαν πολυαιμεῖ κατὰ τόπους τινὰς τὸ θῆλυ μᾶλλον. καὶ ἔστιν αὐτὸ τοὐναντίον σημεῖον ἢ δι᾿ ἥνπερ αἰτίαν οἴονταί τινες (765b20) τὸ θῆλυ θερμότερον εἶναι τοῦ ἄρρενος, διὰ τὴν τῶν καταμηνίων πρόεσιν · τὸ μὲν γὰρ αἷμα θερμόν, τὸ δὲ πλεῖον ἔχον μᾶλλον, ὑπολαμβάνουσι δὲ τοῦτο γίνεσθαι τὸ πάθος δι᾿ ὑπερβολὴν αἵματος καὶ θερμότητος, ὥσπερ ἐνδεχόμενον αἷμα εἶναι πᾶν ὁμοίως, ἄνπερ μόνον ὑγρὸν ᾖ καὶ τὴν χρόαν (765b25) αἱματῶδες, καὶ οὐκ ἔλαττον γινόμενον καὶ καθαρώτερον τοῖς εὐτροφοῦσιν.