The History of the Jewish People in the Age of Jesus Christ: 175 B.C. to A.D. 135, Volume 3, Part 1 (New Revised English Edition)

By Emil Schürer

Serious presentation of the full facts bearing on Jewish heritage, associations, and literature from a hundred seventy five BC to advert one hundred thirty five; with up to date bibliographies.

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1 6 zero - four b e l o w ) a n d t h a t t h e c o m m u n i t y possessed a c h i e f reliable w i t h t h e t i t l e archon. A p a g a n p e t i t i o n t o T i t u s in A. D. 7 zero failed t o o b t a i n t h e r e m o v a l of J e w i s h privileges, a l l e g e d l y r e c o r d e d on b r o n z e t a b l e t s , vii five, 2 ( l o o - i i ) . I n t h e moment 1/2 t h e fourth c e n t u r y , w h e n c e comes the following enormous e v i d e n c e o n t h e c o m m u n i t y , m o r e t h a n o n e s y n a g o g u e s t o o d i n t h e urban a n d t h e r e w e r e officers w i t h t h e titles archon a n d prostates (see ok r a e l i n g , op. cit. ). B u t i n o t h e r t o w n s o f S y r i a a l s o , t h e J e w s c o u l d s o m e t i m e s b e c o u n t e d b y t h o u s a n d s , a s for e x a m p l e i n Damascus, w h e r e , s o J o s e p h u s 'J3. B. J. vii three , three ( four three ) : TO yap 'lovSatcov yfvos noXii fj^ev Kara irdaav rrjv olKov/jifVTjv naptanapTai rots €Tn)(a}piois, nXfiarov 8e TJJ Evpia Kara ttjv yeirviaaiv dva^fjxiyfxevov, T^aiperco? eight' €771 rrjs 'Avroixfias •^v ttoXv Std TO ttjs TTOACO^S fiiycOos. Cf. additionally A . Neubauer, Im giographie du Talmud, pp. three 1 1 ff. ; J. Hamburger, RE s. v. 'Andochien'; S. Krauss, REJ . ^5 ( 1 nine zero 2 ) , pp. 2 7 - four nine ; C. H . Kraeling, 'The Jewish neighborhood a t Antioch', J B L five 1 1 1 nine three 2 ) , pp. 1 three zero - 6 zero (the fullest account) ; G. H a d d a d , points of Social lifestyles in Antioch ' 1 nine four nine ) ; V . Tcherikover, Hellenistic Civilization and the Jews ( 1 nine 6 2 ) , p. 2 eight nine . See G. Downey, . 1 heritage of Antioch in Syria from Seleucus to the Arab Conquest ( 1 nine 6 1 ) ; W . A. Meeks, R. L. VVilken, Jews and Christians in Antioch within the First 4 Centuries of the typical period ( 1 nine 7 eight ) ; R. I.. VVilken, John Chrysostom and the Jews ( 1 nine eight three ) . 14 ^'^i. Judaism within the Diaspora r e p o r t s , 10,500 (in a n o t h e r p a s s a g e 18,000) J e w s w e r e m a s s a c r e d a t t h e t i m e of the battle. '^* T h i s is r e l a t e d i n t h e c o n t e x t o f t h e v i o l e n t i n t e r - c o m m u n a l d i s t u r b a n c e s w h i c h t o o ok p l a c e i n a . d . sixty six, on t h e o u t b r e a ok of t h e g r e a t r e v o l t [B. J. ii 18, 1—5 ( four five 7 - eight zero ) , see vol. I , p . four eight 7 ) . M o s t of t h e m o c c u r r e d i n t h e G r e e ok towns closest t o t h e m a i n J e w i s h a r e a (discussed in vol. I I , p p . eight five - 1 eight three ) , s u c h a s D a m a s c u s itself, w h e r e lets evidently count on Jewish cost. yet whereas J o s e p h u s i n f o r m s us t h a t ' t h e w h o l e of S y r i a ' w a s crammed w i t h catastrophe, a n d t h a t e v e r y c i t y h a d b o t h J e w s a n d ' J u d a i s e r s ' (ii 18, 2 (462-3) : lovhatlovTas), of t h e cides n o t d i s c u s s e d a b o v e , h e m e n t i o n s b y n a m e o n l y Tyre, ii 1 eight , five (428), w h e r e J e w s w e r e e x e c u t e d o r i m p r i s o n e d , a n d Sidon, Apamea a n d Antioch, w h e r e t h e J e w i s h r e s i d e n t s w e r e s p a r e d , ii 18, five (479).

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