The Language of the Papyri

By T. V. Evans

The trendy rediscovery of the Greek and Latin papyri from Egypt has remodeled our wisdom of the traditional global. we can't, although, make a similar declare within the particular quarter of language examine. even though vital stories of the language of the papyri have seemed sporadically over the last century, we're nonetheless dealing this present day with a linguistic source of impressive richness which has rarely started to be explored. each scrap of papyrus and each ostracon (potsherd) or capsule unearthed has the aptitude to alter a few element of how we expect concerning the Greek and Latin languages. This booklet show that strength, through collecting jointly essays from seventeen students who current various views and methodological techniques. The Language of the Papyri charts present instructions of foreign examine, and also will offer a stimulus for destiny work.

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With a purpose to think again our universal assumptions I shall examine intimately a unmarried case of perceived own choice, Amyntas’ ‘weakness’ for the aspirated excellent IçÝ#ôƺŒÆ (from the ‘sending’ verb Iðï#ôݺºø) saw within the epigraph. The goals are to illustrate the robust likelihood that autographs of person authors can certainly be pointed out and to argue that those identifications permit major development in figuring out approaches of letter composition and setting apart attribute gains of person utilization. 2 . A M Y N TA S ’ W E A ok N E S S for a minimum of a short while in and round the yr 257 bc this guy Amyntas used to be a tremendous administrator within the Alexandrian loved ones of Apollonios, the finance minister of Ptolemy II Philadelphos. we all know Amyntas this present day from papyri preserved within the Zenon Archive. he's the named writer of as many as 26 of its files (see Appendix). certainly one of them, P. Cair. Zen. I 59110, is transcribed and translated as (1) less than, and likewise looks in Plate four. 1. 1 Cf. in most cases R. S. Bagnall and R. Cribiore, Women’s Letters from historical Egypt, three hundred bc–ad 800, with contributions by way of E. Ahtaridis (Ann Arbor, 2006), 6–8. The Language of the person Plate four. 1. P. Cair. Zen. I 59110: Letter from Amyntas to Zenon fifty three 54 T. V. Evans 1. P. Cair. Zen. I 59110 (26 November 257; docketed 2 December 257) ÚìýíôÆ# ˘ÞíøíØ j åÆßæåØí. ðıíŁÜíïjìÆØ —ÜôæøíÆ ôeí j Kðd ôïF ŒÝºÅôï# j5 #ŒÞłåØ# çÝæåØí, ‹ôÆí j âæÆäÝø# ðÆæƪÝíÅjôÆØ, ‹ôØ ™ìåE# ÆPôeí j ŒÆôÝåïìåí [ï]P äØäüíjôå# [KðØ#]ôïºÜ#. Úðïºj10ºøíß[øØ] ìbí [ïsí] ïPŒ KäïjŒØìÜÇïìåí_ _ ôe ìc #Æ[çH# _ [ª]_æÜłÆ[Ø] j _äØa åNäÝjíÆØ åØØïÅŒå[ _j_ ]. ï. [ ] j15 Œ. [ ] j ìÅŁåíd_ _ _ b _ _ _ __ _æƪåíüìåíï#. Içå#jô_ܺŒÆìåí [ä] ªæÜłÆ# ‹ôØ ô. jðôÆ ™ìEí ïPä’ ŠªíøŒå j ðÆ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ #[ïØ] ŒÆd ôcí j20 ªæÆçcí zí [ . . . ] ðåðüìjçÆìåí ÚðﺺøíßøØ j Œıâßøí ŒåæÜìØÆ_ _ N#åÆjäøí œ Ñ ïäßøí _ _ _ _ _ Œåæ(ÜìØÆ) â, µ, j ˚Æıíßøí Œåæ(ÜìØÆ) å, j25 ôıæïf# ˚ıŁíßïı# _ _ _ ôHí ìåªÜjºøí â, œ Ñ ÅíÆßïı# Œ, j ŒÆd ðÆæ’ ™ìHí åºÆìýäÆ j ååØìåæØíÞí, ïYíïı __ ðƺÆØjïF ™äÝï# ×EÆ â. _ j30 Šææø#ï. (Šôïı#) ŒŁ, j ˜ßïı Æ. again (Address) ˘Þí[ø]íØ. _ ŒŁ, _ ˜ßïı Ç. ðÆæ’ Úìýíô[ïı ]. . . ïYíïı . . . . . . j ‹ôØ IðÝ#ôƺŒå (Docket) (Šôïı#) Œıâßøí Œåæ(ÜìØÆ) â, j N#åÜäøí œ ÑïäØÆŒHí_ Œåæ(ÜìØÆ) å, j35 ˚Æıíßøí Œåæ(ÜìØÆ) å, ôıæïf# ˚ıŁíßïı# â, j œ Ñ ÅíÆßïı# Œ, åºÆìýäÆ ååØìå(æØíÞí). Amyntas to Zenon greetings. I examine that buyer the captain of the quick boat is delivering excuses, at any time when he arrives past due, that we hold up him by way of now not giving him letters. So we didn't imagine it acceptable to write down to Apollonios as a result of now not realizing basically . . . writing to not anyone what . . . to us, and he doesn't be aware of on arrival. And we've despatched to you furthermore may the record of the issues which . . . we now have despatched to Apollonios: jars of salted fish, six jars of Rhodian dried figs, 5 jars of Kaunian ones, Kythnian cheeses—two of the big ones, 20 Rhenaian cheeses, and from us a iciness mantle, [jars] of the elderly wine, candy Chian. Farewell. yr 29, Dios 1. again: (Address) To Zenon. (Docket) yr 29, Dios 7. From Amyntas . . . wine .

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