The Maculate Muse: Obscene Language in Attic Comedy

By Jeffrey Henderson

The pervasive and unrestrained use of obscenity has lengthy been said as an immense function of fifth-century Attic Comedy; no different Western paintings shape is predicated so seriously at the sexual and scatological dimensions of language. This acclaimed ebook, now in a brand new variation, bargains either a finished dialogue of the dynamics of Greek obscenity and a close observation at the terminology itself.

After contrasting the bizarre features of the Greek proposal of obscenity to modern day rules, Henderson discusses obscenity's position within the improvement of Attic Comedy, its historic origins, types, and dramatic functionality. His research of obscene terminology sheds new mild on Greek tradition, and his dialogue of Greek homosexuality bargains a fresh corrective to the idealized Platonic view. He additionally seems to be intimately on the half obscenity performs in every one of Aristophanes' 11 surviving performs. The latter a part of the booklet identifies all of the obscene terminology present in the extant examples of Attic Comedy, either entire performs and fragments. even though those terminological entries are prepared in numbered paragraphs similar to a thesaurus, they could even be learn as autonomous essays at the quite a few points of comedian obscenity. phrases are defined as they take place in every one person context and with regards to typologically comparable terminology. With newly corrected and up to date philological fabric, this moment version of Maculate Muse will function a useful reference paintings for the research of Greek drama.

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A. Ag. 245) is the weird female finishing, the presence of a phallic pun, and the obscene context. 107 ninety. , snake, frequently capacity limp phallus, as within the curse at E 908108 directed at a tender lady by way of her older rival, "May you discover a snake on your mattress. " The funny story at L 759 in regards to the "snake" at the acropolis is made by way of an overimaginative and oversexed lady who doesn't specify the precise tensile nation of the phallus she has in brain. 109 ninety one. , horn, looks in comedy in basic terms in double entendres at Pl Com 210 ( , randy-horned) and Eub. sixty seven. four ( 104. See additionally Hippocleides (section 198, below). one hundred and five. EM 549. 27 , , that's, the frenulum praeputii (Antyll. ap. Orib. 50. three. 1 ; see Hopfner [n. five, above], p. 27). Phot. = a fibula for the prepuce ( ); pl. in Phryn. playstation p. 85B; examine in ballot. 2. 171. 106. See Kock's be aware advert loc. 107. See additional, ballot. 2. 173 on ; Wilamowitz, Lysistrate, advert loc. ; J. Taillardat, Les photos d' Aristophane (Paris, 1962), pp. seventy one f. , either deny a pun the following. 108. See Ussher, Ecclesiazusae, advert loc. 109. See schol. at E 908, ,AP 1 1. 22. 2. evaluate , lizard = , at AP eleven. 21. 1, 12. three. five. Lat. anguis is identical (Priap. eighty three. 33). a hundred and ten. For the which means cf. Archil. 247 ; PLitLond. seventy seven Fr. 2. 19; Eur. Fr. 278; AP 12. ninety five. 6. 128 The Maculate Muse ninety two. , tail, seems to be as early as Hipponax 12. three (? ) and infrequently in comedy as slang for phallus: the off hand tone of Euripides' comment at T 239 and the puns at A 785 and 787111 recommend that the time period was once a typical slang utilization. Cf. Eub. a hundred thirty, Strattis sixty six. four Herod. five. forty five, and examine Ger. Schwanz, Lat. cauda. ninety three. , often tail or rump, is understood to have intended phallus (Ammonius Diff. p. 27, cf. ballot. 2. 173); that's certainly its that means at L 964. 112 ninety four. , tail, at Antiph. 129. 4:113 cf. ( ) = fellatrix at CA 1352, at CA 1367, (Hsch. ). ninety five. , wing-man, and , sparrow-man (CA 592) are, as Kock and Meineke saw, names concerning lecherous males. most likely they are going to were in line with slang phrases for the phallus: ninety six. is related by means of Hesychius to be a type of fowl; if he's right, this chook will be a slang time period for phallus. could, although, confer with the phallus as a "wing" and hence will be analogous to such phrases as , , and so on. = phallus is nowhere explicitly attested, yet Plato Phaedr. 252b. four ff, is particularly suggestive: , , , , " / , i feel a few Homeric students quote strains from the unpublished works, and they're approximately love. the second one line is remarkably daring and a bit unmetrical. They run as follows: "Mortals name him Eros, cleaver of the air; immortals name him Pteros simply because he needs to develop wings. " in a few indecent experience needs to be the reason of in connection with the second one line. 114 Winged representations of ithyphallic topics are widespread in Greek plastic paintings; in a phallic experience will be completely usual, even if we don't have any different particular literary attestation. ninety seven. , wing, does, despite the fact that, appear to point out the phallus at L 774: . . If the swallows (= cunts) commence scuffling with and fly off on wings/grab carry of cocks from the temple, no poultry of any sort will look approximately so shameless. 111. With this line examine N 538, P 927, 1351, L 1062, E 1048.

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