By Anabel Ford, Ronald Nigh
The normal knowledge says that the devolution of vintage Maya civilization happened simply because its inhabitants grew too huge and dense to be supported via primitive neotropical farming equipment, leading to debilitating famines and internecine struggles. utilizing study on modern Maya farming suggestions and critical new archaeological learn, Ford and Nigh refute this Malthusian clarification of occasions in historic primary the US and posit a thorough replacement conception. The authors-show that old Maya farmers constructed inventive, sustainable forest innovations to domesticate a number of foodstuff crops (including the staple maize);-examine either modern tropical farming innovations and the archaeological list (particularly concerning weather) to arrive their conclusions;-make the argument that those historical innovations, nonetheless in use this present day, can aid major populations over lengthy sessions of time.
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Additional info for The Maya Forest Garden: Eight Millennia of Sustainable Cultivation of the Tropical Woodlands (New Frontiers in Historical Ecology)
Tree tupi acajú cashew marañon appendix b 189 relatives Species behavior Maya universal Names Spanish universal Names English universal Names Annonaceae Annona cherimola Mill. tree ek’mul, op, oop, pox, poox, ts’almuuy, ts’armuy cherimoya custard apple Annonaceae Annona diversifolia Saff. tree takob guanabana Annonaceae Annona muricata L. tree p’op’osh, tak’ob, tak’op, tak’oop, takob guanabana Annonaceae tree Annona purpurea Moc. & Sessé ex Dunal Annonaceae Annona reticulata L. tree oop, tsulipox, k’an oop, ya’ax oop, pox, ts’ulimuy, ts’uli poox annona blanca, annona colorado, annona del monte custard apple Annonaceae Annona spp. tree oop annona golden sugar apple Annonaceae Annona squamosa L. tree ts’almuy, tsalmuy, dzalmuy saramoyo candy sop, sugar apple Apocynacaea Aspidosperma cruentum Woodson tree sa’-yuk malerio, chichique, bayo milady, my woman, crimson illness Apocynacaea Aspidosperma megalocarpon Muell. Arg tree peechmaax malerio, fustan de vieja, chiquique blanco mylady, white mylady soncoya chak oop, pool boox, poox, oop che’hun, oop tsiimin spiny custard apple woodpecker’s or horse annona, wild annona, cowsap 190 The Maya woodland backyard family members Species behavior Maya universal Names Spanish universal Names English universal Names Arecaceae Astrocaryum mexicanum Liebm. ex Mart. palm tuk-’u, ak-té, ak-t, chapay, lancetilla, pacaya, cocoyol chocho palm, chapay Anacardiaceae Astronium graveolens Jacq. tree kulimche jobillo, palo glassy mulato wooden Arecaceae Attalea cohune palm Mart. tutz, manaca corozo Asteraceae Baccharis trinervis (Lam. ) Pers. shrub sisk’uts romerillo Fabaceae Balizia leucocalyx (Britton & Rose) Barneby & J. W. tree Fabaceae Bauhinia divaricata L. shrub or tree tsulubtok pata de vaca pom pom orchid tree Fabaceae Bauhinia jenningsii P. Wilson shrub or tree chandzulutok, cocohoof, dsuruktok, ts’ulubtok lengua de vaca Tiliaceae Belotia mexicana Schum. tree tao corcho colorado Boraginaceae Bourreria oxyphylla Standl. tree chi-che, cacuche, sacpa, sac-bayeck, ter-echmas roble blanco, laurel, lima del monte, palo de nance Boraginaceae Bourreria pulchra (Millsp. ) tree bakal bo’ jesmo cohune wild tamarind cow tongue, snake plant strongback appendix b 191 family members Species Moraceae behavior Maya universal Names Spanish universal Names English universal Names Brosimum tree alicastrum Sw. masicaran, ox, ujushte, hach osh capomo, copomo, macica, ramón, ramón blanco, ramón breadnut, ramon nut Moraceae tree Brosimum guianense (Aubl. ) Huber ba’am bax ramón silvestre o cimarrón wild or mountain breadnut Combretaceae Bucida buceras tree L. pukte cacho de toro bullet tree Burseraceae Bursera penicillata (DC. ) Engl. torote copol, aceitillo indian lavender Malpighiaceae tree Byrsonima crassifolia wealthy ex Kunth ch·, chÌ, sacpan, zacpan, shinich nance, nanci, nonce golden spoon Fabaceae Caesalpinia gaumeri Greenm. tree kitin che quebra hacha, rudo del monte, chaparral awl grasp, bastard logwood, peccary wooden, peacock flower Fabaceae Caesalpinia pulcherrima (L.