Thucydides, Pericles, and the Idea of Athens in the Peloponnesian War

Thucydides, Pericles, and the assumption of Athens within the Peloponnesian conflict is the 1st entire examine of Thucydides' presentation of Pericles' radical redefinition of town of Athens throughout the Peloponnesian battle. Martha Taylor argues that Thucydides subtly opinions Pericles' imaginative and prescient of Athens as a urban divorced from the territory of Attica and targeted, in its place, at the sea and the empire. Thucydides exhibits that Pericles' reconceputalization of the town led the Athenians either to Melos and to Sicily. towards the tip of his paintings, Thucydides demonstrates that versatile wondering town exacerbated the Athenians' civil battle. supplying an intensive critique and research of Thucydides' ignored publication eight, Taylor exhibits that Thucydides praises political compromise founded round the conventional urban in Attica. In doing so, he implicitly censures either Pericles and the Athenian imperial venture itself.

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1). Nicias is going directly to clarify that provided that they win will it's attainable for every of them “to see his domestic polis at any place it's” (tŸn Ëp†rcous†n pou o«ke©an p»lin –pide±n, 7. sixty one. 1), and so he turns out finally to target a go back to Athens in seventy one The manuscripts learn 3 years, yet this relationship doesn't agree to the size of the battle, so such a lot students pass judgement on that the “three” can be replaced to “eight. ” Connor (1979, 269ff ), nevertheless, argues that the passage is corrupt and “any determine – 3, 5, 8 or ten – is otiose. ” 172 Thucydides, Pericles, and the assumption of Athens Attica. however, Nicias’s remark that the Athenian military will struggle “for their native land” is strong, and “a reversal of the standard topos that basically these invaded are struggling with in protection in their kingdom. ”72 The remark keeps the symbolic equation of the day trip with a urban and helps the Syracusan cavalry’s cost that the Athenians have been coming to take in a brand new place of origin in Sicily. earlier than the start of the conflict, Nicias reinforces the feel that the Athenian military is battling for its homeland correct there in Sicily. Fearing that what he had acknowledged to date was once insufficient, Nicias referred to as ahead all the trierarchs and addressed him by means of his patronymic, his personal identify, and his tribe identify. He advised them to not betray themselves or their ancestors, reminded them of the liberty in their nation, and acknowledged “all the opposite issues besides which males in so nice a time of predicament wouldn't point out in the event that they have been on their safeguard opposed to seeming to talk in an old school manner, certainly platitudes approximately ladies and youngsters and ancestral gods” (kaª Ëp•r ‰p†ntwn paraplžsia ›v te guna±kav kaª pa±dav kaª qeoÆv patr ouv profer»mena, 7. sixty nine. 2). seventy three The references to girls, kids, and ancestral gods are acceptable to a military combating “for salvation and homeland” of their personal state the place rape, slavery, the burning of temples, and utter destruction will stick with a loss; they aren't applicable to an invading military of guys distant from domestic. Such references, do, notwithstanding, extra the symbolic equation of the day trip with a urban. it really is attention-grabbing that Nicias’s Sicilian urban comprises either Athenians and foreigners. Rood notes Periclean echoes in Nicias’s speech to his forces and argues that “by having the foreigners within the fleet proportion in seventy two seventy three Rood 1998b, 196. Lateiner (1985, 203–5) argues that Thucydides “faults Nicias here,” and Cagnazzi (1986, 493) claims that Thucydides makes his statement “with distaste,” yet Rood (1998b, 195) is maybe correct that “the generalizing feedback . . . recommend that almost all males may communicate as Nicias does. ” Lateiner (205) describes how Nicias “retreats to an past political global, within which . . . appeals counting on other halves, young children and gods of the fathers labored. ” this is often in keeping with the best way Thucydides crafts the Sicilian day trip as a replaying of the Persian wars and reinforces the echo in Nicias’s comments of the Persians and the earlier struggle whilst the Athenian urban and its ladies, little ones, and ancestral gods particularly have been at risk.

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