The Vikings: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short Introductions)

By Julian D. Richards

The Viking recognition is certainly one of bloodthirsty seafaring warriors, again and again plundering the British Isles and the North Atlantic in the course of the early heart a while. but Vikings have been additionally investors, settlers, and farmers, with a fancy creative and linguistic tradition, whose enlargement in a foreign country led them to go the Atlantic for the 1st time in ecu heritage. Highlighting the newest archaeological facts, Julian Richards finds the total Viking global: their background, their tradition, and their legacy of in a foreign country enlargement for alternate, colonization, and plunder. Viking identification is explored via what we now have realized approximately their cities, paintings, shipbuilding, and spiritual rituals. the following the Viking tale is pointed out to the current, from the stories of event present in medieval Icelandic sagas, to their exploitation as a logo of nationalism within the 19th century by way of Wagner, and later via Hitler and the Nazi celebration. the writer additionally highlights their influence and impact at the background and other people of Northern Europe. Vikings, a desirable new examine a humans and tradition which have been reinvented all through heritage, will take readers in the direction of getting to know who they truly were.

Show description

Preview of The Vikings: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short Introductions) PDF

Similar Archaeology books

The Dead Sea Scrolls: A Very Short Introduction

All people has heard of of the lifeless Sea Scrolls, yet amidst the conspiracies, the politics, and the sensational claims, it may be tricky to split delusion from truth. the following, Timothy Lim explores the cultural and old history of the scrolls, and examines their importance for our figuring out of the outdated testomony and the origins of Christianity and Judaism.

Biblical Archaeology: A Very Short Introduction

Public curiosity in biblical archaeology is at an all-time excessive, as tv documentaries pull in hundreds of thousands of audience to monitor exhibits at the Exodus, the Ark of the Covenant, and the so-called misplaced Tomb of Jesus. very important discoveries with relevance to the Bible are made nearly each year--during 2007 and 2008 on my own researchers introduced at the least seven significant discoveries in Israel, 5 of them in or close to Jerusalem.

Beyond War: The Human Potential for Peace

A profoundly heartening view of human nature, past battle deals a hopeful analysis for a destiny with no warfare. Douglas P. Fry convincingly argues that our historical ancestors weren't innately warlike--and neither are we. He issues out that, for maybe ninety-nine percentage of our background, for good over one million years, people lived in nomadic hunter-and-gatherer teams, egalitarian bands the place battle used to be a rarity.

Beyond the Medieval Village: The Diversification of Landscape Character in Southern Britain (Medieval History and Archaeology)

The various personality of Britain's geographical region offers groups with a powerful feel of neighborhood id. probably the most major beneficial properties of the panorama in Southern Britain is the way in which that its personality differs from quarter to sector, with compact villages within the Midlands contrasting with the sprawling hamlets of East Anglia and remoted farmsteads of Devon.

Extra resources for The Vikings: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short Introductions)

Show sample text content

It really is as though, within the aggressive atmosphere dealing with the first colonists, it used to be essential to strengthen and exaggerate a Viking id, because the defining a part of who they have been, and what they stood for. eighty five Raiders and investors round the Irish Sea The burial list is extra informative, and there's a quite huge quantity – over 25 – for this kind of small island. Many are lower than low mounds overlooking the ocean and so they seem to point out pageant for land possession and the significance of utilizing the panorama to put declare to farms. in the course of the moment global struggle, the German archaeologist, Gerhard Bersu, was once interned at the Isle of guy as an enemy alien and used to be allowed to excavate a couple of websites, together with Balladoole. right here a ship grave have been superimposed upon a Christian cemetery, traumatic a number of fresh burials. The send used to be a small rowing boat during which a male was once the most burial. He used to be buried with using apparatus and a couple of dress goods, together with a Carolingian silver buckle and a Hiberno-Norse ringed pin. a considerable wood pole were erected on the fringe of the mound, which was once lined via a layer of cremated bones from sacrificial animals. The Vikings against this, among over three hundred cist burials in an early cemetery on St Patrick’s Isle, Peel, simply seven integrated any type of grave-goods, and each one of these have been gown goods. in simple terms the so-called ‘Pagan girl’ stood out, together with her necklace, comb, knives, shears, workbag, and cooking spit, or sorceress’ employees. even though, she was once no longer donning Scandinavian gown, which has resulted in the advice that she was once a local Celt who had married a settler. The Peel cemetery seems to be to symbolize another technique of assimilation, and inside a couple of generations the Hiberno-Manx elite have been being buried in churchyards, lower than stone move slabs. As in England, there has been a flourishing college of stone sculpture whilst the Norse arrived, and following their conversion they produced a sequence of detailed crosses from 930–1020, often combining Christian parts with Scandinavian mythology. At Kirk Andreas church, Sigurd is proven in a conical helmet, roasting 3 slices of dragon middle over flames. The thumb of his different hand is in his mouth, the tasting of the dragon’s blood offering a crude metaphor for the Christian Eucharist. A moment pass indicates Oðinn, with spear and raven, his foot within the jaws of Fenrir, the wolf, counterbalanced at the different face by means of a Christian scene of a figure retaining a booklet and pass. the various crosses contain runic inscriptions. such a lot are commemorative and stick to a standard formulation of ‘N positioned this move up in reminiscence of M’. Of the forty four named participants, 22 have Norse names, whereas eleven have Celtic ones. a few have been erected within the reminiscence of girls, together with one other instance from Kirk Andreas, the place ‘Sandulfr the Black raised this move for his spouse Arinbjörg’. The earliest surviving runes, from the tenth century, exhibit a transparent reference to Norway, yet while they express Norsemen accommodating to a Western culture which has Celtic parts, and the advance of a brand new hybrid cultural identification.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.50 of 5 – based on 38 votes